Essay 1 topic: Explain in your own words why the fact that each element emits a unique line spectrum is important, what is the information is provided by the four quantum numbers about the distribution of electrons in the atom, and what is the relation between the kinds of orbitals in the atoms of each element and the shape of the periodic table.
Essay 2 topic: Explain in your own words why it is important for you as a science professional and/or as an informed citizen, to be able to determine the shape of small molecules starting from the formula of the molecule? What does the shape of small molecules have to do with the shape of large molecules?
Essay 3 topic: Explain in your own words what is the Ideal Gas Law, and why was the mathematical understanding of the behavior of GASES was so important for the start of the Industrial Revolution in the 1800s and for the development of modern science and technology? What was the Industrial Revolution that started in the early 1800s and why is that important?
Essay 4 topic: Explain in your own words what is orbital hybridization, what are sigma and pi bonds, and why are these important?
1.Electron Structure of Atoms: Sects. 5.1-12.
2.Covalent Bonding: Sects. 6.1-5, 6.7-10
3.Chap. 7, Molecular Structures: Sects. 7.1-7
4.Chap. 8, Gases: Sect