Criminogenic: Creating Career Criminals”

Written Exercise

You will complete a critical analysis and reflection. This written exercise must be in APA style and format, a minimum of 600 words in length excluding the abstract.  When writing your papers, think in terms of providing a critical overview of the reading, identifying and highlighting the significant facts revealed, and closing with your own well-reasoned and informed scholarly deduced conclusion(s). Keep in mind the required 600 words without the Abstract is the minimum requirement for average performance relative to the wording volume.


“Chapter Seven The Irony of State Intervention Labeling Theory”

“The Social Construction of Crime”

“Labeling as Criminogenic: Creating Career Criminals”

“Early Statements of Labeling Theory”

“Labeling as a Self-Fulfilling Prophecy”

“Assessing Labeling Theory”

“The Extralegal Factors Proposition.”

“Theories of Societal Reaction.”

“State Intervention Is Criminogenic Proposition.”

“Labeling Theory in Context”

“The Consequences of Theory: Policy Implications”



“Due Process”


“Extending Labeling Theory”

“Braithwaite’s Theory of Shaming and Crime”

“Sherman’s Defiance Theory”

“Tyler’s Procedural Justice Theory”

“Rose and Clear’s Coerced Mobility Theory”

“Policy Implications: Restorative Justice and Prisoner Reentry”